Apartment Building Accidents: Who Is Liable?

When accidents occur in apartment buildings, it falls under premises liability law. Property owners must keep apartment buildings, playgrounds, and common areas safe for the people who live there and for those who visit. Failure to do so could result in a personal injury lawsuit. The following is an outline of premises liability law and how it may help those hurt in apartment building accidents to obtain a monetary settlement for their injuries. If you or a loved one have been involved in an apartment building accident, seek the advice of a personal injury lawyer to learn about the options available to you.

What Duty Does the Landlord or Property Owner Have?

The landlord or property owner has a duty to maintain the apartment building and surrounding common areas in a manner that is safe. In order to obtain a settlement in an apartment building accident lawsuit, you will be required to prove that the landlord or property owner did not maintain an appropriate standard of care and caused your injuries. The rules regarding the standard of care in regard to apartment building landlords and owners are as follows:

  • The Tenant Must Use the Property in a Normal Manner

The tenant must not engage in dangerous activity that may put them in harm’s way. If an accident is due to the fault of the tenant, the apartment building owner or landlord will not be held liable for their injuries.

  • The Property Owner or Landlord Must Keep the Property Safe for Tenants

Owners and landlords must keep their properties properly maintained and free from hazards to avoid being held liable after an apartment building accident.

Responsibilities in an Apartment Building

In a rented apartment, the person who is responsible for keeping the property in proper working order is responsible for paying for your injuries after an accident. In most cases, tenant/landlord responsibility looks similar to this:

  • The Tenant Is Responsible for Things Inside the Apartment Like Furniture or Other Objects That Move

If you are injured by something such as a bookcase falling on you, you will be responsible for your accident-related expenses and injuries.

  • The Landlord Is Responsible for All Other Areas

Premises liability law requires landlords to maintain hallways, entryways, and staircases in a safe and appropriate manner. Things that cannot be moved inside the apartment are also their responsibility. These things include flooring, walls, and any fixtures that come with the rented apartment.

  • Proving Negligence

Proving that the property owner or landlord was negligent and caused your injuries may not always be an easy task. Some injuries that happen outside the apartment in common areas may be easier to prove, while those that occur inside your apartment may be more difficult. For this reason, it is typically best to speak with a lawyer to determine if you can prove negligence on the part of the landlord or property owner.

  • Damages

If you are successful in your apartment building accident case, you may be able to obtain money for certain damages and expenses related to the accident. Some of these damages may include:

  • Cost of Doctor Visits
  • Emergency Room Fees
  • Ambulance Transport Costs
  • Unpaid or Outstanding Hospital Bills
  • Cost of Physical, Speech, or Occupational Therapy
  • Pain and Suffering
  • Emotional Distress
  • Lost Wages

If you are permanently disabled due to the accident and cannot return to work, you may be able to obtain compensation for future lost wages. This is money designed to repay you for the money you will no longer be able to earn over the course of your career. It is extremely important to calculate future lost wages accurately in personal injury case, so it is best done by a lawyer who has experience in this area of the law.

What Can a Lawyer Do to Help You Win Your Case?

Apartment building accidents are always stressful, and the legal process is hard to navigate even in the best of circumstances. Your lawyer may be able to help you win your case by:

  • Hiring Accident Investigators
  • Speaking with Your Doctors to Prove Your Injuries Are Severe or Disabling
  • Negotiating with the Insurance Company for the Apartment Building or Landlord
  • Filing Court Documents
  • Representing You at Trial

While it is never a pleasant experience going through an accident or injury, you may be able to obtain a monetary settlement to help you through this difficult time. Hiring an attorney may increase your chances of proving that your landlord or property owner was negligent and caused the injuries that keep you from working to support yourself and your family.

The Landlord Is Responsible for All Other Areas

  • Cost of Doctor Visits
  • Emergency Room Fees
  • Ambulance Transport Costs
  • Unpaid or Outstanding Hospital Bills
  • Cost of Physical, Speech, Or Occupational Therapy
  • Pain and Suffering
  • Emotional Distress
  • Lost Wages
  • Hiring Accident Investigators
  • Speaking with Your Doctors to Prove Your Injuries Are Severe or Disabling
  • Negotiating with the Insurance Company for the Apartment Building or Landlord
  • Filing Court Documents
  • Representing You at Trial

While it is never a pleasant experience going through an accident or injury, you may be able to obtain a monetary settlement to help you through this difficult time. Hiring an attorney may increase your chances of proving that your landlord or property owner was negligent and caused the injuries that keep you from working to support yourself and your family.

Amusement Park Accidents

What To Do In Case Of Amusement Park Accidents

Every year, millions of people visit amusement parks to have fun. Unfortunately, that is not always the case, as thousands of people are hurt each year in amusement park accidents. While some of these accidents are not serious, others cause injuries that last a lifetime. The following discusses what you can do if you or a loved one sustains injuries after an amusement park accident.

Types of Injuries

Amusement park accidents can occur in many different ways. Many parks feature roller coasters, water slides, and a variety of games for people to enjoy. When something goes wrong, people can suffer injuries that range from minor to fatal. Some of the most common types of amusement park injuries include:

  • Whiplash
  • Closed head injuries
  • Back injuries
  • Neck injuries
  • Traumatic brain injuries
  • Fatal injuries from falling out of rides
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Drowning on water rides and slides
  • Bone fractures
  • Facial lacerations and fractures
  • Brain aneurysms
  • Torn ligaments
  • Compound fractures that require surgical repair

Causes of Accidents and Injuries

The causes of accidents and injuries that occur in amusement parks are vast as there are many different activities and rides within the premise. Some of the most common causes of amusement park incidents that lead to injury are:

  • Human Error and Negligence

There had been several reported cases where ride operators fail to do their job properly due to different reasons, such as poor/inadequate training, substance abuse, being overworked or being complacent.

  • Mechanical Failure

Among the most common mechanical failures that occur in amusement park include seat belt breakage, computer breakdown, and malfunctioning brakes.  Regularly conducting test rides and checking mechanical systems would help avoid future accidents.

  • Robbery Or Assault At Amusement Parks

Assault and theft are very common complaints among amusement park goers.  Thieves know park visitors will be carrying more money than usual to pay for entrance tickets, new rides, lockers, and food. If the amusement park does not have adequate security measures in place or security cameras, they may be held liable for violent acts.

Filing a Personal Injury Claim

Amusement park incidents are filed under the premises liability laws in the state where the accident occurred. To obtain compensation, you must prove that your injuries were due to the negligence of the amusement park or a ride manufacturer. For this reason, it may be a good idea to hire an attorney who can help prove your case.

Types of Damages Awarded

If you have been hurt at an amusement park, you may be compensated for the following:

  • Hospital bills
  • Cost of emergency care
  • Physical, speech or occupational therapy
  • Doctor’s fee
  • Emotional distress
  • Physical pain and suffering

Premises liability law also provides a way for family members of loved ones killed in amusement park incidents to seek compensation for their injuries. This type of lawsuit is known as a wrongful death suit and can be filed by the:

  • Spouse or domestic partner of the deceased
  • Legitimate children or step-children of the deceased
  • Parents of deceased if under 18

How Can An Attorney Help?

Proving an amusement park injury can be quite complicated. An attorney can review your case, and discuss with you if you should bother suing the amusement park and what damages you can collect for you or the injured loved one.

An attorney with strong experience in handling premises liability claims can help prove your case by:

  • Obtaining accident reports
  • Hiring accident investigators
  • Speaking to medical experts to establish and strengthen your case
  • Negotiating with the amusement park’s insurance company
  • Filing your lawsuit in court
  • Representing you or your loved one in court and at trial

The legal process of amusement park accidents can be agonizing for many accident victims. Having an attorney to guide you throughout the process can reduce the frustration and stress associated with your case.

If you or a loved one has been hurt at an amusement park, look for an attorney that specialize in handling personal injury claims. After reviewing your medical records and the facts surrounding your case, your attorney will let you know how to move forward with your case. While the legal process is never an easy one, it will allow you to obtain appropriate compensation for your injuries caused by the negligence of the amusement park.


harmful toys

Guide to Product Liability and Consumer Recourse

Defective and dangerous products do harm to thousands of individuals each year in the United States, and virtually every product one can think of has the potential to harm a consumer. Examples may include a variety of goods, from motor vehicles to electronics, to children’s toys and other products.

For example, in 2015, there were approximately 69,000 emergency room visits nationwide among children five years of age or younger, resulting from defective nursery products. In 2014, 48 percent of injuries associated with whirlpools were caused by circulation entrapment due to the unit’s faulty design. Product liability laws hold companies responsible if an item they place on the market ultimately proves hazardous to the consumer.

Types of Product Defects

The product is usually required to meet the consumer’s expectations, within reason. If a product has an unexpected danger or internal error, it is unable to respond to these expectations and a type of harm may happen. Depending on the kind of situations, various parties may be held responsible for injuries caused by the defective item, such as the seller or the manufacturer.

Three basic types of defects could lead to a consumer’s injury, and subsequently the manufacturer’s liability. These three categories are marketing defects, manufacturing defects, and design defects.

Design defects are present even before the product has been produced. This means that the original “blueprint” for the end product was flawed, leading to a hazardous situation for the user. Manufacturing defects occur during the assembly of the product. Finally, marketing defects include a broad range of problems, such as inadequate safety warnings, insufficient instructions, or improper labeling.

Steps to Follow if Victim of a Product Injury

Below are several steps you should take immediately to protect yourself if you have been harmed due to using a particular product:

Seek Medical Advice

Seek medical attention immediately if you have sustained any injury or feel sick after using a product. Your injuries should be documented by a licensed medical provider who is qualified to make a diagnosis regarding the harm you sustained. Keep all your records from each appointment, including copies of x-rays, blood work, and the general findings made by the attending physician. These documents help prove that your injury or illness was a direct result of the faulty product.

Keep the Product and Other Pertinent Items

If at all possible, never throw away the product or item that caused you harm. Also, keep any information you have on the product, such as the items listed below:

  • Receipt for the product
  • Instructions or warranty book
  • Packaging or boxes with lot or serial numbers
  • Pill bottles
  • Inserts about medications from your pharmacy
  • Sales slip for the product with statements made by the distributor

Gathering this evidence as quickly as possible after your injury occurs can significantly enhance your chances of a successful outcome when your lawsuit is filed. It also gives your attorney the additional information he or she needs to pursue every angle of your case to the fullest degree possible.

Product Recall

As soon as possible, check to see if the item has been recalled. This information can be obtained from some institutions, like the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, and the United States Food and Drug Administration.

Ongoing Litigation

Determine if any multidistrict litigation cases or class-action lawsuits have already been filed. Many defective products harm or injure thousands of people. Therefore, sometimes victims become part of a class action suit or join their cases together before one magistrate to simplify the process for everyone involved and make it easier for them to obtain compensation. If pending cases already exist, you may be able to join the group, but this is something you must first discuss with your lawyer to determine whether or not it is the most suitable approach.

Consult a Lawyer

After seeking medical care, the most important step to take next is consulting a qualified attorney to handle your case. It is never in your best interest to attempt to manage such a situation alone, as consumers typically do not have the knowledge and experience to proceed in a competent manner. Although there are no guarantees, your chances of successfully winning compensation due to injury from a faulty product increase considerably when you place your case in the hands of a legal professional.

Time Frame

In particular cases, there is something referred to as a “statute of limitations” regarding product injury lawsuits. This only means that, depending on your individual situation and the type of injuries sustained, there may be a particular time frame during which you must pursue compensation or forfeit this option. Experienced attorneys are familiar with these limitations and will properly advise you to ensure you do not inadvertently go past the date and lose your chance to win a settlement.

Product manufacturers and their legal teams and insurers have substantial resources and personnel to begin preparing a defense against your claim at once. Therefore, it is in your best interest to immediately retain a knowledgeable product liability lawyer who is prepared to face off with the negligent distributor or manufacturer that ultimately caused your injury.

The attorneys at Law Offices of Vastola & Associates. have a significant amount of experience representing victims of defective and dangerous products that have caused harm. This experienced team of legal professionals understands that the trauma, whether physical or mental, surrounding the injury can be life changing in a negative way to both the victim and his or her family.

It is essential to understand your legal rights if you or a loved one has been victimized by a defective product injury. The peace of mind that comes from knowing your case is placed in the hands of a legal expert is invaluable. For this reason, you should not procrastinate. Rather, contact Law Offices of Vastola & Associates., to schedule an appointment during which you can discuss your case and obtain step-by-step help throughout the entire process.


injured by person's pet

How to Handle Being Injured By a Person’s Pet

Every year, people in Florida experience injuries because the pet of a stranger misbehaved and caused them significant harm. The most common damage people experience is getting bitten by a dog. When an individual is bitten by someone’s pet, the victim has a legal right to be compensated for his injuries, especially if he has been severely harmed.

Florida Laws

In the state of Florida, the laws covering dog bites injuries is included in FLSA 767.04. The law says that the dog owner is liable for any damages caused by his pet. It also notes that the injuries must have occurred in a public place or when the victim was lawfully on private property. The law also applies if a person is injured by a dog in a different way, except than being bitten.

In some cases, it doesn’t matter if a person is bitten, a menacing act could be a reason for action. If there is a record of numerous threatening actions of a pet, there could be hard legal restrictions placed on the animal and its owner.

Strict Liability

The owner of a dog or any other domestic animal will be held strictly reliable for injuries or property damage caused by their pet. The definition of strict liability states that individuals who engage in pet ownership do so at their risk. Animal owners will be held responsible for any damage or injury that results from various actions of their animals, even if they have been reasonably reliable.


In some cases, an attack by an animal could be a result of its owner’s negligence, this meaning that the injury caused by an animal could have occurred because of an owner’s acts. An animal owner owes a particular legal duty of care regarding their pet. When a reasonable amount of attention is not taken, and it results in damage or injury, the owner of the animal could be considered negligent. Examples could include not obeying local, state and federal laws concerning the care or housing of the animal.

Dog Bite Study

A study performed by the Florida Department of Health regarding dog bites states that: 

  • Children under the age of 6 and boys up to 14-year-old had the greatest risk of being bitten by a dog.
  • Over 85 percent of dog bites involving children under the age of 6 involved dogs known to the child’s family. The majority of incidents happened in the child’s home.
  • The cause for the majority of dog bites on children under the age of 6 is unknown. Some believe it may result from young children having unsupervised contact with the animals.
  • Over 50 percent of dog bites involving individuals 15 years old or older are a result of attempts to intervene during dog fights. The majority of incidents happen on the dog owner’s property.
  • More than 30 percent of dog bite reports occur when the dog is off leash and not on their owner’s property. Over 88 percent the dogs involved are not known to the adult victim.

What To Do After Being Injured By An Animal

When a person is bitten by a dog or injured by an animal in any manner, certain steps need to be followed after the incident.


As soon as possible, the animal’s owner and the person who was in control of the animal when the injury or property damage occurred need to be identified/  Their names, addresses, and contact information, should be obtained and well kept for the file. If there are witnesses to the incident, their contact details should also be requested, and the details they saw should be recorded.


After any incident involving an attack by a dog or other animal, a person needs to seek medical treatment, and the severity of the animal attack needs to be determined. In some extreme cases, emergency first responders may need to be contacted, but it is nonetheless advised to request emergency care if possible. If the animal’s owner is not able to be identified, the victim may need to receive treatment for rabies, for safety.


Once medical attention was received, it is time to file a report concerning the animal attack. This needs to be done in the appropriate city, county, and state authorities, including as many details as possible. The report legally documents what happened during the incident, and it could force officials act and prevent other injuries caused by the same animal.


Once the animal and its owner have been identified, it’s time to learn more about the animal. Obtaining information concerning all records and license requirements for the animal is necessary. This is a way to discover if the animal has bitten or attacked other people before the incident. If it is a dog that perpetrated the attack, it’s important to know if the dog has ever been legally classified as dangerous or potentially dangerous.


After the incident, it’s important to photograph all injuries. When doing this, it is advisable to consult the treating physician or nurse if necessary. They will know how these pictures can be taken safely. All of the wounds and bruises should be photographed, as well as any torn or bloody clothing.


When a person is seeking compensation for their injuries, it is recommended they start a journal with details of the incident and daily related events following it. These types of cases can take a long time to prosecute, and every information matters.

Legal Assistance

When a person is attacked by an animal, they should speak with an attorney who has knowledge and experience concerning such situations. Law Offices of Vastola & Associates. will know the entire process of filing for a compensation and being awarded after such an attack. Contact our experts and we will follow through all these steps with you, making sure you get the best possible assistance.

Tractor Trailer Accidents

How to Handle Tractor Trailer Accidents

Accidents involving tractor trailers occur in many parts of the United States. Among the common causes of tractor trailer accidents include drowsy driving, driving while using cell phones, and driving under the influence of alcohol. Sadly, the result isn’t always limited to damaged vehicles. Some unlucky passengers are left with devastating injuries, too.

The succeeding information will provide an overview of personal injury law and what accident victims can do to obtain compensation for their injuries.  

Common Accident Causes

The most common tractor trailer accident causes in the United States nowadays are as follows:

  • Distracted Driving
  • Driving Under The Influence Of Drugs Or Alcohol
  • Improper Commercial Vehicle Maintenance
  • Driving Over The Weight Limit
  • Failure To Properly Maintain The Tractor Trailer
  • Operating Trucks With Manufacturer Defects
  • Improper Hiring Procedures
  • Failure To Drug Test Truck Drivers
  • Driving Over The Speed Limit
  • Sudden Trailer Detachment
  • Improper Installation Of Underride Bars
  • Faulty Inspection Practices

There are other issues that can make commercial vehicles more dangerous than other types of vehicles on the road, such as:

  • Difficulty Maneuverability Of Tractor Trailers
  • Large Size Of Commercial Vehicles
  • Poor Ability To Brake And Stop Quickly
  • Carrying Dangerous Cargo

Accident Categories

Commercial vehicles can be divided into several categories, depending on the circumstances surrounding the accident. The most common tractor trailer accident categories involve:

  • Jack-Knife Accidents
  • Rear End Accidents
  • Left Turn Collisions
  • Underrides
  • Disabled Or Stopped Commercial Vehicles
  • Shifting Cargo

Accident Injuries

Most trailer accidents claims involved commercial vehicles. Commonly reported injuries include:

  • Crush Injuries
  • Traumatic Brain Injuries
  • Spinal Cord Accidents
  • Back Injuries
  • Neck Problems Such As Whiplash
  • Limb Amputations
  • Severed Limbs
  • Paralysis
  • Facial Lacerations Or Fractures


If you have been injured due to the negligence of a commercial truck driver or the carrier they work for, you may be eligible to file and collect injury claims. There are several types of accident compensation, such as:

  • Lost Wages
  • Cost Of Ambulance Transport
  • Hospital Bills
  • Surgery Fees
  • Doctor Visits
  • Medical Device Costs
  • Cost Of Alternate Transportation

You may also be able to obtain a settlement for future lost wages if you were left disabled due to the accident. This type of settlement is designed to compensate accident victims who can no longer work because of the injuries sustained in the accident. An attorney can calculate the amount of money you would have earned over the course of your career and ask the court to award you that amount.  A partial settlement for future lost wages may be obtained in cases where you may still be able to return to work but cannot perform in the same capacity which limits you to earn less money over the course of time. Due to the complexity of the process, it is advisable to hire an attorney who specializes in handling vehicle injuries claims.

How An Attorney Can Help

Hiring an experienced personal injury claims lawyer can greatly increase your chance of obtaining a fair settlement for your injuries in a tractor trailer accident. Your lawyer can help you with the following:

  • Obtain police reports
  • Speak with your doctors
  • Request and review your medical records
  • Talk with medical experts
  • Hire accident investigators
  • Interview eyewitnesses
  • File court documents
  • Represent you in court
  • Negotiate with the commercial vehicle’s insurance company

If you or someone you know have been a victim of tractor trailer accidents, look for an experienced personal injury claims attorney who can educate you on your rights, examine your case, and let you know if you have a valid claim.